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Changes between Version 3 and Version 4 of TracFineGrainedPermissions


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Timestamp:
Jan 30, 2019, 11:46:28 PM (18 months ago)
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trac
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  • TracFineGrainedPermissions

    v3 v4  
    1 = Fine grained permissions
     1= Fine grained permissions =
    22[[PageOutline(2-5, Contents, floated)]]
    33[[TracGuideToc]]
    44
    5 There is a general mechanism in place that allows custom **permission policies** to grant or deny any action on any Trac resource, or even specific versions of a resource.
     5There is a general mechanism in place that allows custom **permission policy plugins** to grant or deny any action on any kind of Trac resource, even at the level of specific versions of such resources.
    66
    77That mechanism is `authz_policy`, which is an optional module in `tracopt.perm.authz_policy.*`, so it is installed by default. It can be activated via the //Plugins// panel in the Trac administration module.
    88
    9 == Permission Policies
     9== Permission Policies ==
    1010
    1111A great diversity of permission policies can be implemented and Trac comes with a few examples.
    1212
    13 The active policies are determined by a [TracIni#trac-permission_policies-option configuration setting]:
     13Which policies are currently active is determined by a configuration setting in TracIni:
    1414
    1515{{{#!ini
     
    1717permission_policies = ReadonlyWikiPolicy, DefaultPermissionPolicy, LegacyAttachmentPolicy
    1818}}}
    19 
    20 * [#ReadonlyWikiPolicy] controls readonly access to wiki pages.
    21 * !DefaultPermissionPolicy checks for the traditional coarse-grained permissions described in TracPermissions.
    22 * !LegacyAttachmentPolicy uses the coarse-grained permissions to check permissions on attachments.
     19This lists the [#ReadonlyWikiPolicy] which controls readonly access to wiki pages, followed by the !DefaultPermissionPolicy which checks for the traditional coarse grained style permissions described in TracPermissions, and the !LegacyAttachmentPolicy which knows how to use the coarse grained permissions for checking the permissions available on attachments.
    2320
    2421Among the optional choices, there is [#AuthzPolicy], a very generic permission policy, based on an Authz-style system. See
    25 [trac:source:branches/1.2-stable/tracopt/perm/authz_policy.py authz_policy.py] for details.
    26 
    27 Another permission policy [#AuthzSourcePolicy], uses the [http://svnbook.red-bean.com/nightly/en/svn.serverconfig.pathbasedauthz.html path-based authorization] defined by Subversion to enforce permissions on the version control system.
    28 
    29 See also [trac:source:branches/1.2-stable/sample-plugins/permissions sample-plugins/permissions] for more examples.
    30 
    31 === !AuthzPolicy
    32 ==== Configuration
    33 * Put a [http://swapoff.org/files/authzpolicy.conf conf] file in a secure location on the server, not readable by users other than the webuser. If the  file contains non-ASCII characters, the UTF-8 encoding should be used.
     22[trac:source:branches/1.0-stable/tracopt/perm/authz_policy.py authz_policy.py] for details.
     23
     24Another popular permission policy [#AuthzSourcePolicy], re-implements the pre-0.12 support for checking fine-grained permissions limited to Subversion repositories in terms of the new system.
     25
     26See also [trac:source:branches/1.0-stable/sample-plugins/permissions sample-plugins/permissions] for more examples.
     27
     28=== !AuthzPolicy ===
     29==== Configuration ====
     30* Put a [http://swapoff.org/files/authzpolicy.conf authzpolicy.conf] file somewhere, preferably on a secured location on the server, not readable for others than the webuser. If the  file contains non-ASCII characters, the UTF-8 encoding should be used.
    3431* Update your `trac.ini`:
    3532  1. modify the [TracIni#trac-section permission_policies] entry in the `[trac]` section:
    3633{{{#!ini
    3734[trac]
     35...
    3836permission_policies = AuthzPolicy, ReadonlyWikiPolicy, DefaultPermissionPolicy, LegacyAttachmentPolicy
    3937}}}
    40   1. add a new `[authz_policy]` section and point the `authz_file` option to the conf file:
     38  1. add a new `[authz_policy]` section:
    4139{{{#!ini
    4240[authz_policy]
     
    4947}}}
    5048
    51 ==== Usage Notes
     49==== Usage Notes ====
    5250
    5351Note the order in which permission policies are specified: policies are implemented in the sequence provided and therefore may override earlier policy specifications.
     
    175173Note: In order for Timeline to work/visible for John, we must add CHANGESET_VIEW to the above permission list.
    176174
    177 ==== Missing Features
     175==== Missing Features ====
    178176Although possible with the !DefaultPermissionPolicy handling (see Admin panel), fine-grained permissions still miss those grouping features (see [trac:ticket:9573 #9573], [trac:ticket:5648 #5648]). Patches are partially available, see authz_policy.2.patch, part of [trac:ticket:6680 #6680].
    179177
     
    198196}}}
    199197
    200 === !AuthzSourcePolicy  (mod_authz_svn-like permission policy) #AuthzSourcePolicy
    201 
    202 `AuthzSourcePolicy` can be used for restricting access to the repository. Granular permission control needs a definition file, which is the one used by Subversion's mod_authz_svn.
    203 More information about this file format and about its usage in Subversion is available in the [http://svnbook.red-bean.com/en/1.7/svn.serverconfig.pathbasedauthz.html Path-Based Authorization] section in the Server Configuration chapter of the svn book.
     198=== !AuthzSourcePolicy  (mod_authz_svn-like permission policy) === #AuthzSourcePolicy
     199
     200At the time of this writing, the old granular permissions system from Trac 0.11 and before used for restricting access to the repository has been converted to a permission policy component. But from the user's point of view, this makes little if any difference.
     201
     202That kind of granular permission control needs a definition file, which is the one used by Subversion's mod_authz_svn.
     203More information about this file format and about its usage in Subversion is available in the [http://svnbook.red-bean.com/en/1.5/svn.serverconfig.pathbasedauthz.html Path-Based Authorization] section in the Server Configuration chapter of the svn book.
    204204
    205205Example:
     
    220220 * '''/branches/calc/bug-142/secret''' = ''harry has no access, sally has read access (inherited as a sub folder permission)''
    221221
    222 ==== Trac Configuration
     222==== Trac Configuration ====
    223223
    224224To activate granular permissions you __must__ specify the {{{authz_file}}} option in the `[svn]` section of trac.ini. If this option is set to null or not specified, the permissions will not be used.
     
    257257}}}
    258258
    259 ==== Subversion Configuration
     259==== Subversion Configuration ====
    260260
    261261The same access file is typically applied to the corresponding Subversion repository using an Apache directive like this: