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Changes between Version 4 and Version 5 of TracPermissions


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Timestamp:
May 10, 2020, 10:51:59 PM (3 months ago)
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trac
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  • TracPermissions

    v4 v5  
    44Trac uses a simple, case sensitive, permission system to control what users can and can't access.
    55
    6 Permission privileges are managed using the [TracAdmin trac-admin] tool or the ''General / Permissions'' panel in the ''Admin'' tab of the web interface.
    7 
    8 In addition to the default permission policy described in this page, it is possible to activate additional permission policies by enabling plugins and listing them in the `[trac] permission_policies` configuration entry in the TracIni. See TracFineGrainedPermissions for more details.
    9 
    10 Non-authenticated users accessing the system are assigned the name "anonymous". Assign permissions to the "anonymous" user to set privileges for anonymous/guest users. The parts of Trac that a user does not have the privileges for will not be displayed in the navigation.
    11 In addition to these privileges, users can be granted additional individual rights in effect when authenticated and logged into the system. All logged in users belong to the virtual group "authenticated", which inherits permissions from "anonymous".
     6Permissions are managed using the [TracAdmin trac-admin] tool or the ''General / Permissions'' panel in the ''Admin'' tab of the web interface.
     7
     8In addition to the default permission policy described in this page, it is possible to activate additional permission policies by enabling plugins and listing them in [TracIni#trac-permission_policies-option "[trac] permission_policies"]. See TracFineGrainedPermissions for more details.
     9
     10Non-authenticated users accessing the system are assigned the name //anonymous//. Assign permissions to the //anonymous// user to set privileges for anonymous/guest users. The parts of Trac that a user does not have privilege for will not be displayed in the navigation.
     11In addition to these privileges, users can be granted additional individual rights in effect when authenticated and logged into the system. All logged in users belong to the virtual group //authenticated//, which inherits permissions from //anonymous//.
    1212
    1313== Graphical Admin Tab
    1414
    1515To access this tab, a user must have one of the following permissions: `TRAC_ADMIN`, `PERMISSION_ADMIN`, `PERMISSION_GRANT`, `PERMISSION_REVOKE`. The permissions can be granted using the `trac-admin` command (more on `trac-admin` below):
    16 {{{
    17   $ trac-admin /path/to/projenv permission add bob TRAC_ADMIN
    18 }}}
    19 
    20 Then, the user `bob` will be able to see the Admin tab, and can then access the permissions menu. This menu will allow you to perform all the following actions, but from the browser without requiring root access to the server (just the correct permissions for your user account). '''Use at least one lowercase character in user names, as all-uppercase names are reserved for permissions.'''
    21 
    22  1. [[Image(htdocs:../common/guide/admin.png)]]
    23  1. [[Image(htdocs:../common/guide/admin-permissions.png)]]
    24  1. [[Image(htdocs:../common/guide/admin-permissions-TICKET_ADMIN.png)]]
    25 
    26 An easy way to quickly secure a new Trac install is to run the above command on the anonymous user, install the [http://trac-hacks.org/wiki/AccountManagerPlugin AccountManagerPlugin], create a new admin account graphically and then remove the TRAC_ADMIN permission from the anonymous user.
     16{{{#!sh
     17$ trac-admin /path/to/projenv permission add bob TRAC_ADMIN
     18}}}
     19
     20Then, the user `bob` will be able to see the Admin tab, and can access the permissions menu. This menu will allow you to perform all the following actions, but from the browser rather than requiring root access to the server. '''Use at least one lowercase character in user names, as all-uppercase names are reserved for permissions.'''
     21
     22[[Image(htdocs:../common/guide/admin.png)]]
     23
     24[[Image(htdocs:../common/guide/admin-permissions.png)]]
     25
     26[[Image(htdocs:../common/guide/admin-permissions-TICKET_ADMIN.png)]]
    2727
    2828From the graphical admin tab, users with `PERMISSION_GRANT` will only be allowed to grant permissions that they possess, and users with `PERMISSION_REVOKE` will only be allowed to revoke permissions that they possess. For example, a user cannot grant `MILESTONE_ADMIN` unless they have `PERMISSION_GRANT` and `MILESTONE_ADMIN`, and they cannot revoke `MILESTONE_ADMIN` unless they have `PERMISSION_REVOKE` and `MILESTONE_ADMIN`. `PERMISSION_ADMIN` just grants the user both `PERMISSION_GRANT` and `PERMISSION_REVOKE`, and users with `TRAC_ADMIN` can grant or revoke any permission.
     
    3636=== Repository Browser
    3737
    38 || `BROWSER_VIEW` || View directory listings in the [wiki:TracBrowser repository browser] ||
    39 || `LOG_VIEW` || View revision logs of files and directories in the [wiki:TracBrowser repository browser] ||
    40 || `FILE_VIEW` || View files in the [wiki:TracBrowser repository browser] ||
    41 || `CHANGESET_VIEW` || View [wiki:TracChangeset repository check-ins] ||
     38|| `BROWSER_VIEW` || View directory listings in the [TracBrowser repository browser] ||
     39|| `FILE_VIEW` || View files in the [TracBrowser repository browser] ||
     40|| `CHANGESET_VIEW` || View [TracChangeset repository check-ins] ||
     41|| `LOG_VIEW` || View revision logs of files and directories in the [TracBrowser repository browser] ||
    4242
    4343=== Ticket System
    4444
    45 || `TICKET_VIEW` || View existing [wiki:TracTickets tickets] and perform [wiki:TracQuery ticket queries] ||
    46 || `TICKET_CREATE` || Create new [wiki:TracTickets tickets] ||
    47 || `TICKET_APPEND` || Add comments or attachments to [wiki:TracTickets tickets] ||
    48 || `TICKET_CHGPROP` || Modify [wiki:TracTickets ticket] properties (priority, assignment, keywords, etc.) with the following exceptions: edit description field, add/remove other users from cc field when logged in, and set email to pref ||
    49 || `TICKET_MODIFY` || Includes both `TICKET_APPEND` and `TICKET_CHGPROP`, and in addition allows resolving [wiki:TracTickets tickets]. Tickets can be assigned to users through a [TracTickets#Assign-toasDrop-DownList drop-down list] when the list of possible owners has been restricted. ||
     45|| `TICKET_VIEW` || View existing [TracTickets tickets] and perform [TracQuery ticket queries] ||
     46|| `TICKET_CREATE` || Create new [TracTickets tickets] ||
     47|| `TICKET_APPEND` || Add comments and attachments to [TracTickets tickets], and edit description of ticket the user created ||
     48|| `TICKET_CHGPROP` || Modify [TracTickets ticket] properties (priority, assignment, keywords, etc.) with the following exceptions: edit description of tickets created by others, add/remove other users from cc field when logged in ||
     49|| `TICKET_MODIFY` || Includes both `TICKET_APPEND` and `TICKET_CHGPROP`, and in addition allows resolving [TracTickets tickets] in the [TracWorkflow default workflow]. Tickets can be assigned to users through a [TracTickets#Assign-toasDrop-DownList drop-down list] when the list of possible owners has been restricted. ||
    5050|| `TICKET_EDIT_CC` || Full modify cc field ||
    51 || `TICKET_EDIT_DESCRIPTION` || Modify description field ||
     51|| `TICKET_EDIT_DESCRIPTION` || Modify description field. User with `TICKET_APPEND` or `TICKET_CHGPROP` can modify description of ticket they created. ||
    5252|| `TICKET_EDIT_COMMENT` || Modify another user's comments. Any user can modify their own comments by default. ||
    53 || `TICKET_BATCH_MODIFY` || [wiki:TracBatchModify Batch modify] tickets ||
     53|| `TICKET_BATCH_MODIFY` || [TracBatchModify Batch modify] tickets ||
    5454|| `TICKET_ADMIN` || All `TICKET_*` permissions, deletion of ticket attachments and modification of the reporter field, which grants ability to create a ticket on behalf of another user (it will appear that another user created the ticket). It also allows managing ticket properties through the web administration module. ||
    5555
    56 Attention: the "view tickets" button appears with the `REPORT_VIEW` permission.
    57 
    5856=== Roadmap
    5957
    6058|| `MILESTONE_VIEW` || View milestones and assign tickets to milestones. ||
    61 || `MILESTONE_CREATE` || Create a new milestone ||
    62 || `MILESTONE_MODIFY` || Modify existing milestones ||
     59|| `MILESTONE_CREATE` || Create new milestones ||
     60|| `MILESTONE_MODIFY` || Modify milestones ||
    6361|| `MILESTONE_DELETE` || Delete milestones ||
    6462|| `MILESTONE_ADMIN` || All `MILESTONE_*` permissions ||
    65 || `ROADMAP_VIEW` || View the [wiki:TracRoadmap roadmap] page, is not (yet) the same as MILESTONE_VIEW, see [trac:#4292 #4292] ||
     63|| `ROADMAP_VIEW` || View the [TracRoadmap roadmap] page, which is not yet the same as MILESTONE_VIEW, see [trac:#4292 #4292] ||
    6664|| `ROADMAP_ADMIN` || to be removed with [trac:#3022 #3022], replaced by MILESTONE_ADMIN ||
    6765
    6866=== Reports
    6967
    70 || `REPORT_VIEW` || View [wiki:TracReports reports], i.e. the "view tickets" link. ||
    71 || `REPORT_SQL_VIEW` || View the underlying SQL query of a [wiki:TracReports report] ||
    72 || `REPORT_CREATE` || Create new [wiki:TracReports reports] ||
    73 || `REPORT_MODIFY` || Modify existing [wiki:TracReports reports] ||
    74 || `REPORT_DELETE` || Delete [wiki:TracReports reports] ||
     68|| `REPORT_VIEW` || View [TracReports reports], i.e. the //View Tickets// link. ||
     69|| `REPORT_SQL_VIEW` || View the SQL query of a [TracReports report] ||
     70|| `REPORT_CREATE` || Create new [TracReports reports] ||
     71|| `REPORT_MODIFY` || Modify [TracReports reports] ||
     72|| `REPORT_DELETE` || Delete [TracReports reports] ||
    7573|| `REPORT_ADMIN` || All `REPORT_*` permissions ||
    7674
    7775=== Wiki System
    7876
    79 || `WIKI_VIEW` || View existing [wiki:TracWiki wiki] pages ||
    80 || `WIKI_CREATE` || Create new [wiki:TracWiki wiki] pages ||
    81 || `WIKI_MODIFY` || Change [wiki:TracWiki wiki] pages ||
    82 || `WIKI_RENAME` || Rename [wiki:TracWiki wiki] pages ||
    83 || `WIKI_DELETE` || Delete [wiki:TracWiki wiki] pages and attachments ||
     77|| `WIKI_VIEW` || View [TracWiki wiki] pages ||
     78|| `WIKI_CREATE` || Create new [TracWiki wiki] pages ||
     79|| `WIKI_MODIFY` || Modify [TracWiki wiki] pages ||
     80|| `WIKI_RENAME` || Rename [TracWiki wiki] pages ||
     81|| `WIKI_DELETE` || Delete [TracWiki wiki] pages and attachments ||
    8482|| `WIKI_ADMIN` || All `WIKI_*` permissions, plus the management of ''readonly'' pages. ||
    8583
     
    9290=== Others
    9391
    94 || `TIMELINE_VIEW` || View the [wiki:TracTimeline timeline] page ||
    95 || `SEARCH_VIEW` || View and execute [wiki:TracSearch search] queries ||
    96 || `CONFIG_VIEW` || Enables additional pages on ''About Trac'' that show the current configuration or the list of installed plugins ||
    97 || `EMAIL_VIEW` || Shows email addresses even if [wiki:TracIni#trac-section trac show_email_addresses] configuration option is false ||
    98 
    99 == Creating New Privileges
    100 
    101 To create custom permissions, for example to be used in a custom workflow, enable the optional [trac:ExtraPermissionsProvider tracopt.perm.config_perm_provider.ExtraPermissionsProvider] component in the "Plugins" admin panel, and add the desired permissions to the `[extra-permissions]` section in your [wiki:TracIni#extra-permissions-section trac.ini]. For more information, please refer to the documentation  on the [wiki:TracIni#extra-permissions-section TracIni] page after enabling the component.
     92|| `TIMELINE_VIEW` || View the [TracTimeline timeline] page ||
     93|| `SEARCH_VIEW` || View and execute [TracSearch search] queries ||
     94|| `CONFIG_VIEW` || Enables additional sections on ''About Trac'' that show the current configuration and the list of installed plugins ||
     95|| `EMAIL_VIEW` || Shows email addresses even if [TracIni#trac-section trac show_email_addresses] configuration option is false ||
     96
     97== Attachment Permissions
     98
     99Attachment permissions are handled by `LegacyAttachmentPolicy`, and unlike the permissions discussed so far, the permissions provided by `LegacyAttachmentPolicy` are not directly granted. Rather, the ability to create, view and delete attachments is determined by the attachment's parent realm and permissions the user possesses for that realm.
     100
     101The attachment actions are determined by the following
     102permissions in the ticket, wiki and milestone realms:
     103{{{#!table class="listing"
     104||= Granted By: =||= Ticket =||= Wiki =||= Milestone =||
     105|| `ATTACHMENT_CREATE` || `TICKET_APPEND` || `WIKI_MODIFY` || `MILESTONE_MODIFY` ||
     106|| `ATTACHMENT_VIEW` || `TICKET_VIEW` || `WIKI_VIEW` || `MILESTONE_VIEW` ||
     107|| `ATTACHMENT_DELETE` || `TICKET_ADMIN` || `WIKI_DELETE` || `MILESTONE_DELETE` ||
     108}}}
     109
     110If explicit attachment permissions are preferred, `ATTACHMENT_CREATE`, `ATTACHMENT_DELETE` and `ATTACHMENT_VIEW` can be created using the [trac:ExtraPermissionsProvider]. The simplest implementation is to simply define the actions.
     111{{{#!ini
     112[extra-permissions]
     113_perms = ATTACHMENT_CREATE, ATTACHMENT_DELETE, ATTACHMENT_VIEW
     114}}}
     115
     116An alternative configuration adds an `ATTACHMENT_ADMIN` meta-permission that grants the other 3 permission.
     117{{{#!ini
     118[extra-permissions]
     119ATTACHMENT_ADMIN = ATTACHMENT_CREATE, ATTACHMENT_DELETE, ATTACHMENT_VIEW
     120}}}
     121
     122The explicit permissions can be used in concert with `LegacyAttachmentPolicy`, or `LegacyAttachmentPolicy` can be removed from `permission_policies`, in which case only users that have been explicitly granted the corresponding attachment actions will be able to create, delete and view attachments.
    102123
    103124== Granting Privileges
    104125
    105 You grant privileges to users using [wiki:TracAdmin trac-admin]. The current set of privileges can be listed with the following command:
    106 {{{
    107   $ trac-admin /path/to/projenv permission list
     126You grant privileges to users using [TracAdmin trac-admin]. The current set of privileges can be listed with the following command:
     127{{{#!sh
     128$ trac-admin /path/to/projenv permission list
    108129}}}
    109130
    110131This command will allow the user ''bob'' to delete reports:
    111 {{{
    112   $ trac-admin /path/to/projenv permission add bob REPORT_DELETE
     132{{{#!sh
     133$ trac-admin /path/to/projenv permission add bob REPORT_DELETE
    113134}}}
    114135
    115136The `permission add` command also accepts multiple privilege names:
    116 {{{
    117   $ trac-admin /path/to/projenv permission add bob REPORT_DELETE WIKI_CREATE
     137{{{#!sh
     138$ trac-admin /path/to/projenv permission add bob REPORT_DELETE WIKI_CREATE
    118139}}}
    119140
    120141Or add all privileges:
    121 {{{
    122   $ trac-admin /path/to/projenv permission add bob TRAC_ADMIN
     142{{{#!sh
     143$ trac-admin /path/to/projenv permission add bob TRAC_ADMIN
    123144}}}
    124145
    125146== Permission Groups
    126147
    127 There are two built-in groups, "authenticated" and "anonymous".
    128 Any user who has not logged in is automatically in the "anonymous" group.
    129 Any user who has logged in is also in the "authenticated" group.
    130 The "authenticated" group inherits permissions from the "anonymous" group.
    131 For example, if the "anonymous" group has permission WIKI_MODIFY,
    132 it is not necessary to add the WIKI_MODIFY permission to the "authenticated" group as well.
     148There are two built-in groups, //authenticated// and //anonymous//.
     149Any user who has not logged in is automatically in the //anonymous// group.
     150Any user who has logged in is also in the //authenticated// group.
     151The //authenticated// group inherits permissions from the //anonymous// group.
     152For example, if the //anonymous// group has permission WIKI_MODIFY,
     153it is not necessary to add the WIKI_MODIFY permission to the //authenticated// group as well.
    133154
    134155Custom groups may be defined that inherit permissions from the two built-in groups.
    135156
    136157Permissions can be grouped together to form roles such as ''developer'', ''admin'', etc.
    137 {{{
    138   $ trac-admin /path/to/projenv permission add developer WIKI_ADMIN
    139   $ trac-admin /path/to/projenv permission add developer REPORT_ADMIN
    140   $ trac-admin /path/to/projenv permission add developer TICKET_MODIFY
    141   $ trac-admin /path/to/projenv permission add bob developer
    142   $ trac-admin /path/to/projenv permission add john developer
     158{{{#!sh
     159$ trac-admin /path/to/projenv permission add developer WIKI_ADMIN
     160$ trac-admin /path/to/projenv permission add developer REPORT_ADMIN
     161$ trac-admin /path/to/projenv permission add developer TICKET_MODIFY
     162$ trac-admin /path/to/projenv permission add bob developer
     163$ trac-admin /path/to/projenv permission add john developer
    143164}}}
    144165
     
    149170
    150171The following will add ''bob'' to the new group called ''beta_testers'' and then will assign WIKI_ADMIN permissions to that group. (Thus, ''bob'' will inherit the WIKI_ADMIN permission)
    151 {{{
    152    $ trac-admin /path/to/projenv permission add bob beta_testers
    153    $ trac-admin /path/to/projenv permission add beta_testers WIKI_ADMIN
    154 
     172{{{#!sh
     173$ trac-admin /path/to/projenv permission add bob beta_testers
     174$ trac-admin /path/to/projenv permission add beta_testers WIKI_ADMIN
    155175}}}
    156176
     
    160180
    161181This command will prevent the user ''bob'' from deleting reports:
     182{{{#!sh
     183$ trac-admin /path/to/projenv permission remove bob REPORT_DELETE
     184}}}
     185
     186Just like `permission add`, this command accepts multiple privilege names.
     187
     188You can also remove all privileges for a specific user:
     189{{{#!sh
     190$ trac-admin /path/to/projenv permission remove bob '*'
     191}}}
     192
     193Or one privilege for all users:
     194{{{#!sh
     195$ trac-admin /path/to/projenv permission remove '*' REPORT_ADMIN
     196}}}
     197
     198== Creating New Privileges
     199
     200To create custom permissions, for example to be used in a custom workflow, enable the optional [trac:ExtraPermissionsProvider tracopt.perm.config_perm_provider.ExtraPermissionsProvider] component in the "Plugins" admin panel, and add the desired permissions to the `[extra-permissions]` section in your [TracIni#extra-permissions-section trac.ini]. For more information, please refer to the documentation  on the [TracIni#extra-permissions-section TracIni] page after enabling the component.
     201
     202== Default Permissions
     203
     204By default on a new Trac installation, the //anonymous// user will have ''view'' access to everything in Trac, but will not be able to create or modify anything.
     205On the other hand, the //authenticated// users will have the permissions to ''create and modify tickets and wiki pages''.
     206
     207//**anonymous**//
    162208{{{
    163   $ trac-admin /path/to/projenv permission remove bob REPORT_DELETE
    164 }}}
    165 
    166 Just like `permission add`, this command accepts multiple privilege names.
    167 
    168 You can also remove all privileges for a specific user:
     209BROWSER_VIEW
     210CHANGESET_VIEW
     211FILE_VIEW
     212LOG_VIEW
     213MILESTONE_VIEW
     214REPORT_SQL_VIEW
     215REPORT_VIEW
     216ROADMAP_VIEW
     217SEARCH_VIEW
     218TICKET_VIEW
     219TIMELINE_VIEW
     220WIKI_VIEW
     221}}}
     222
     223//**authenticated**//
    169224{{{
    170   $ trac-admin /path/to/projenv permission remove bob '*'
    171 }}}
    172 
    173 Or one privilege for all users:
    174 {{{
    175   $ trac-admin /path/to/projenv permission remove '*' REPORT_ADMIN
    176 }}}
    177 
    178 == Default Permissions
    179 
    180 By default on a new Trac installation, the `anonymous` user will have ''view'' access to everything in Trac, but will not be able to create or modify anything.
    181 On the other hand, the `authenticated` users will have the permissions to ''create and modify tickets and wiki pages''.
    182 
    183 '''anonymous'''
    184 {{{
    185  BROWSER_VIEW
    186  CHANGESET_VIEW
    187  FILE_VIEW
    188  LOG_VIEW
    189  MILESTONE_VIEW
    190  REPORT_SQL_VIEW
    191  REPORT_VIEW
    192  ROADMAP_VIEW
    193  SEARCH_VIEW
    194  TICKET_VIEW
    195  TIMELINE_VIEW
    196  WIKI_VIEW
    197 }}}
    198 
    199 '''authenticated'''
    200 {{{
    201  TICKET_CREATE
    202  TICKET_MODIFY
    203  WIKI_CREATE
    204  WIKI_MODIFY 
     225TICKET_CREATE
     226TICKET_MODIFY
     227WIKI_CREATE
     228WIKI_MODIFY 
    205229}}}
    206230----
    207 See also: TracAdmin, TracGuide and TracFineGrainedPermissions
     231See also: TracAdmin, TracFineGrainedPermissions